PROLIV KOD ODRASLIH
You are considered to have diarrhea if you have three or more watery stools during the day. Diarrhea is accompanied by abdominal pain and cramps, nausea, fever, mucus in the stool, and a sudden rapid need to empty the bowels.
It is important to know your body, listen to what it tells you and understand that your body is unique and that the same number of diarrhea in two people will cause only mild weakness in some while some will be significantly weakened by dehydration. Therefore, monitor your condition and react in a timely manner.
So where does diarrhea come from?
Causes of diarrhea can be: viruses, bacteria, parasites, certain medications (antibiotics), glucose intolerance, fructose, artificial sweeteners, stress, etc.
Everyone individually makes excellent use of your weakened immunity so you are more prone to diarrhea if you are exhausted and have a cold.
You need to contact a doctor if:
you have dehydrated
diarrhea despite probiotic use lasts longer than three days (stool analysis required to detect the cause)
you have severe abdominal or rectal pain
you have bloody or black stools (you can also have dark stools if you have consumed dark colored fruit and its products-eg blueberries, or use iron preparations)
Your body temperature is above 39 ° C
How do I know if I'm dehydrated?
Dehydration is characterized by severe general weakness after severe fluid loss followed by dizziness, dry mouth, white tongue and dry skin, increased thirst, decreased urine output which is generally darker than usual or no urine at all.
Can I prevent diarrhea?
Maintaining personal hygiene is the basis for preventing viral diarrhea. Frequent hand washing with soap for at least 20 seconds, using alcohol-based disinfectants when we do not have access to water and soap, and making sure that people who prepare the food we eat follow the same hygiene measures.
When traveling, try to drink bottled water, eat well-cooked food. Choose peeled fruits to avoid the possibility of infection with a potential pathogen that could be found in the water you washed the fruit with. While bathing, keep your mouth closed and brush your teeth with bottled water.
With diarrhea, the body loses fluid and electrolytes that need to be replenished from the first diarrhea. Drink water, unsweetened pomegranate peel tea, chamomile tea. Avoid coffee, alcohol, fresh fruit, fatty and spicy foods. Boiled rice, boiled potatoes, toasted bread, egg are mild foods that you can use with tea.
To make up for lost electrolytes, drink a rehydration solution that you can buy at the pharmacy or prepare yourself - according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, by stirring 8 teaspoons of sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt in 1L of chilled boiled water. Drink the solution slowly over the next few hours. You can take a probiotic from the very beginning of diarrhea, and if the diarrhea continues on the second day, in addition to adequate rehydration, look for a cure for diarrhea (nifuroxazide or loperamide) in the pharmacy. It is important not to stop diarrhea right away so that the body can get rid of the cause of the diarrhea by getting it out.
Diarrhea continues after three days in addition to all the above measures…
Contact your doctor. Prepare for this conversation by carefully analyzing what preceded the diarrhea stools. Tell your doctor if you have traveled in the previous days, if you are using antibiotics, if your symptoms started after consuming certain foods or drinks. Accurate and precise presentation of the details that preceded the diarrhea stools will lead your doctor to suspect the cause of diarrhea and thus determine the further course of your examination and treatment. Please indicate what measures you have taken yourself and what this has resulted in.
And no matter how long you wait for the examination, don't forget - the main cure for dehydration is rehydration. Be persistent in fluid and electrolyte intake to ensure your body is functioning normally despite losing more fluid.
Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of many diseases, of which the most common cause of vomiting is viral gastroenteritis, often mistakenly referred to as the stomach virus. In most cases, they last a short time and pass without the need to call a doctor.
You need to see a doctor immediately if you have:
shortness of breath
with vomiting and severe chest pain lasting several minutes
severe pain and stomach cramps
fever and stiff neck
an extremely severe headache that is much worse than any you have ever had
you have symptoms of dehydration (increased thirst, dry mouth, dry skin, urinate less than usual, and urine is darker than usual, dizziness when getting up)
if you notice blood clots in the vomit
returned contents dark brown or green
in the vomit notice faeces or an unpleasant smell of faeces
Make an appointment with a doctor if:
you can't drink anything 24h
vomit for more than two days
you feel nauseous and occasionally vomit for more than a month
you have inexplicably great weight loss in a short period of time
you are extremely thirsty and urinate much less urine than usual
use insulin in the treatment of diabetes
you suspect you could be pregnant
In most cases, vomiting is successfully treated at home. Often, symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting go away in a day or two with rest, diet and proper rehydration.
Avoid strong odors, the area where food is cooked, smoky areas where cigarettes are smoked, and driving in a car if you don't have to. Avoid coffee, alcohol, fresh fruit, fatty and spicy foods. Cooked rice, boiled potatoes, toasted bread, egg are mild foods that you can use with tea.
To make up for lost electrolytes, drink a rehydration solution that you can buy at the pharmacy or prepare yourself - according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, by stirring 8 teaspoons of sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt in 1L of chilled boiled water. Drink the solution slowly over the next few hours.
If you are traveling and know that you are prone to nausea and vomiting while driving, use a medicine for nausea while driving that you can get at the pharmacy.
Going to the doctor
Prepare to go to the doctor by trying to remember everything that preceded vomiting. Remember what foods you ate and in what places. If you have recently used a new medicine, tell your doctor. By being honest and giving important details, you will direct your doctor to the real cause of the vomiting.
If you have any of the symptoms that refer you to a doctor right away, use the time while you wait for the examination, trying to rehydrate constantly.